Hey everyone, I’m Bette Hochberger, CPA, CGMA. For today’s Web3 Wednesday, I’m going to discuss Decentralized Finance (DeFi) and its accounting challenges. First, let me explain what DeFi is and how it works.

What is Decentralized Finance (DeFi)?

Imagine a world where anyone can access financial services without having to prove who they are or where they live. Welcome to DeFi! It’s like a financial supermarket, but it’s open to everyone, and there’s no need for IDs or addresses.

DeFi is a global digital market where buyers, sellers, lenders, and borrowers meet up, connecting directly with each other or through a software middleman. It uses a mix of tech, like open-source tools, blockchain, and custom software, all with one aim – to cut out the middleman.

But tech’s not new to finance, right? Banks and finance firms use it all the time. But usually, tech’s just the helper. DeFi’s different – it’s putting tech front and center. And while you might think DeFi’s all about blockchain and crypto, it’s way bigger than that. To really get DeFi, you’ve gotta understand the whole finance game.

How Does it Work?

DeFi leverages blockchain, the same tech powering cryptocurrencies. It uses a secure, shared database, or ledger, run by applications known as dApps. 

Transactions are recorded in ‘blocks’ on the blockchain and then checked by other users. When they agree, the block is sealed, encrypted, and a new block is born, carrying information from the last one. 

These blocks are linked, creating a ‘chain,’ hence the name. Altering any previous block would mess up the chain, making the blockchain virtually tamper-proof, and that’s a big part of what makes it so secure.

Accounting Challenges

DeFi does indeed pose some accounting challenges, mainly due to the technology it leverages and the innovative nature of its financial products. Here are some of the challenges and potential ways to address them:

Transaction Complexity

DeFi transactions often involve multiple parties and smart contracts, making it a challenge to track and classify transactions. Advanced accounting software or services that are designed specifically to handle complex DeFi transactions will be essential for managing this issue.


Many DeFi assets can change in value quickly and wildly, which can be tricky when figuring out their worth and doing the books. Accountants need to keep up with the changing market prices and use a fair way to figure out how much these assets are worth. 

Anonymity and Regulation 

DeFi operates largely in a pseudo-anonymous environment. It’s challenging for accountants to verify the identity of parties in transactions or comply with Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) regulations. Regulatory developments are expected in this area, and organizations may need to implement more robust AML and KYC checks.


 DeFi transactions may occur across multiple blockchain networks, making it challenging to aggregate and reconcile data. Automated solutions that can extract and compile data from various blockchain networks can help solve this issue.

Smart Contract Risks

 If a smart contract has a bug or is manipulated, it could cause substantial losses. Regular audits of smart contracts by specialized firms can help detect potential vulnerabilities and reduce risks.


The tax implications of DeFi transactions can be complex, especially given the lack of clear guidance from many tax authorities. Consulting with tax experts who understand DeFi could be very helpful.

In essence, to handle these challenges, businesses and individuals may need to make use of new technologies, consult with experts, and stay updated with the rapidly evolving DeFi landscape and associated regulations.

I hope you learned something new today! As always, stay safe, and I will see you next time.